The pangolin trade explained: situation in Cameroon

What is Cameroon’s role in the illicit trade in pangolins? Cameroon is home to three species of pangolin (giant pangolin, white bellied and black-bellied pangolin), which are among the four species found in Central Africa. No documentation exists on the exact year when the illicit trade started in the country. Besides being a source, Cameroon…

The pangolin trade explained: situation in China

What is China’s role in the illicit trade? China is the world’s largest consumer of pangolin parts, especially the scales, which are used for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The depletion of the local species, Chinese pangolins, has led to an influx of both legally imported and smuggled pangolin scales into China from Africa and Southeast…

The pangolin trade explained: situation in Indonesia

What is Indonesia’s role in the illicit trade? Indonesia is home to numerous protected wildlife, including one species of pangolin, namely Sunda pangolin or Manis javanica. This species can be found in Sumatra, Java and Kalimantan. Sunda pangolin is currently listed as “critically endangered” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List…

The pangolin trade explained: Situation in Nepal

What is Nepal’s role in the illicit trade? Nepal, which borders China, serves as both a supply site and transit point for illegal  pangolin trade — both of live animals and body parts.  Pangolins are also consumed domestically, hunted by some indigenous groups, which consider them a delicacy. Body parts seized recently in Nepal prove that the…

The pangolin trade explained: situation in Vietnam

What is Vietnam’s role in the illicit trade? Vietnam is the destination, transit spot and also the origin of trafficked pangolins. Vietnam, along with China, is one of the largest markets of this illegal trade, according to NGOs such as the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and WildAid. The country’s emerging middle class…